Worm composting or vermin composting is a great method to turn kitchen scraps into rich nutrients. Red wiggles and red worms are the champions at demolishing everything from crushed eggshells to newspaper strips. The worm castings generated in a composter are almost effortless and odorless by-products of a simple recycling method, which you can put under the sink. So, let’s see how you can put your cafeteria’s food scraps, and home residues to best use.
Making Good Use of Leftover Food Items
Every day, institutions and offices throw table scraps and leftover foods into the garbage; waste must be picked up and put into a disposal facility considering both environmental and financial cost. Vermicomposting is a process where food scraps are fed to worms and converted into nutritional rich compost for gardens and plants. It can help schools and businesses save money. By transforming scraps from garbage into worm bins, it is possible to switch to a smaller dumpster, thereby reducing solid scrap discarding charges.
Nowadays, many schools and institutions have been guiding students about these through vermi-composting program, where pupils can learn a valuable recycling lesson. Food scraps do not have to be thrown away and can be used to grow plants in home garden, school, and grounds.
Cafeteria food scraps are similar to kitchen scraps, but just that it is available on a larger scale. Before starting the process, get approval from local health association, so that you won’t get objections or restrictions on using wastes. You can collect all the materials needed, such as bedding, worms, water, food scraps, and worm bins.
Get Some Bins
You can purchase wooden bins or large scale bins; the size of the bin will depend upon the amount of scraps you’ve got in your kitchen, home, or cafeteria. Approximately one sq-ft of bin is required for each pound of scrap produced per week. For instance, if your cafeteria produces 30 pounds of waste every day, you’ll need 150 sq-ft of bin space to fit in 150 pounds of scraps a week. You can feed worms organic food wastes, like eggshells, paper coffee filters, fruits, vegetables, shredded garden waste, and coffee grounds.
Take out excess amount of liquid from the scrap, before adding it into bins. You can break waste into smaller pieces or crush or grind it, so that there would be more surface area for microbes to attack. Do not add oily or greasy foods, meat scraps, fish, bones, tobacco, fat, human or per manure.
Wash and Freeze
Before you add any vegetable or fruit waste, make sure that you scrub the skins, before putting it into the bin. You can also freeze or microwave the wastes for about 15 seconds or break them into smaller parts, in order to minimize the risk of fruit flies.
The best composts to add in bin are washed vegetables and fruit scraps, egg shells, dead plants, tea bags, and filters. Add a varied diet into bins, so that worms get nutritional rich materials.
Cover Food Scrap
Put the wastes well underneath the newspaper or any other bedding component you’re using. Do not put the scraps on top of the worm bins. Be sure to cover the wastes completely with the bedding materials to avoid molds and fruit flies.
With the above tips, you can now get rid of fruit flies and feed your worms with nutritional scraps, and help them multiply. When you have got plenty of them, you can get some worm juice, and even sell the worms to those who need live baits for catching fishes!
This article is contributed by Eric Peter, who has been experimenting on different techniques of worm composting bin, and greener bins. He recommends everyone to resort to environment-friendly products.